BP unveiled at World’s Columbian Exposition
Campion meets Robert Stewart at fair
BP theatre appearance
May 11 July 12
BP involved in Pullman strike
Antarctica. Proffessor Campion takes Boilerplate on an expedition to the South Pole.
Lost to Time: The Inventions of Prof. Archibald Balthazar Campion
Robert Stewart (Schubert Press, 1954). A pictoral overview.
A Man and His Machines
Edward Barnes (Foundation Publishing, 1925). A biography of Campion.
Equal to the Task
Eva Polston (Boston Books, 1977). A biography of Campion's sister Lily.
Weird Weapons of War
Samuel Nicholas (Fort Sheridan, 1959). A chapter devoted to Boilerplate.
Famous Inventors of the Colored Races
Rev. Alvin Ray (Pilgrims Press, 1928). A chapter on Campion's assistant, DuSable.
Beyond DaVinci: 20 Inventions Ahead of Their Time
Jean Minot (Montparnasse Books, 1987). Boilerplate is number 8.
Harold Marsden (Tudor House, 1983). A history of mechanization.
Four paragraphs on Boilerplate, with a photograph that can also be found in Lost to Time.
Deposed Queen Lili‘uokalani released from prison with help from Campion
First car race in U.S.
BP runs special race w/one car
BP invited to demo for Italian govt. in Ethiopia. Campion & BP arrive too late, after Battle of Adua/Adowa (March 1, 1896), in which Italian forces were decisively defeated.
Geological Survey of Egypt
Campion & BP join the Geological Survey archaeological dig of Pharaoh Pioupi I.
BP helps build railroads for Kitchener but doesn’t see combat.
Klondike - Gold Rush
Campion lives with Eskimos
Jack London writes about BP
BP charges up San Juan Hill (July 1)
BP in combat
Archie & Lily travel in Asia
Boxer Rebellion Lily caught up in attacks on foreign compounds
Archie collects BP from Philippines; they rescue Lily
They see the Great Wall on their way to port as they leave
The Campions travel to Australia w/Frank Reade for vacation and to celebrate New Year in a new country
Commonwealth of Australia becomes official
Lily hooks up w/Aussie suffragettes
March 17: showing of 71 van Gogh paintings, 11 years after his death, creates a sensation.
June 24: 19-year-old Picasso has his first exhibit in Paris.
BP rides the new Metro (first line opened in 1900)
T.R. becomes prez after McKinley is assassinated. Invites BP and Campion to White House.
The New York Central railroad inaugurates the 20th Century Limited passenger train between Chicago and New York City. BP makes appearance at launch party. Rides train from NYC to Chicago.
Southwest New Mexico
BP and Apache
BP at the Cliff House
The cableship Silverton linked the cable from Sans Souci beach at Waikiki to San Francisco.
40th anniversary of battle
BP & Campion travel w/scientific delegation
Russo-Jap War Port Arthur under siege until January 2, 1905
Campion and Boilerplate observe the conflict
Meet up with Lily, Alice Roosevelt, and W.H. Taft
Treaty of Portsmouth signed, officially ending Russo-Japanese War. Mediated by T.R.
Alice Roosevelt marries Ohio Congressman Nicholas Longworth in a magnificent White House ceremony.
San Francisco earthquake
BP helps with cleanup and restoration
BP with T.R. & wife visit canal - first president to travel outside the country while in office
BP as cop too honest
Hinky Dink & Bathhouse; Levee district; First Ward ball (Dec. 14)
Great White Fleet departs on first circumnavigation of the globe by a national naval force
Great White Fleet on tour
USS Illinois top-secret fuel cell experiment w/Fullerton
Great White Fleet returns
Theodore Roosevelt leaves for a post-presidency safari in Africa, sponsored by the Smithsonian Institution and National Geographic Society. Campion and BP see him off.
BP at Essanay Motion Picture Studio
Alaska-Yukon-Pacific Exposition (June-Oct. 16)
Cleanup in Louisiana and Mississippi after big hurricane
Manhattan Bridge opens
Visit Mark Twain just before he dies. Halley’s comet returns.
First commercial flight of Zeppelin passenger airship.
Campion learns about Balkan Wars and fragile political situation, foresees WWI.
International Women’s Day is celebrated for the first time.
Dedication ceremony for the New York Public Library.
Travel with Lewis Hine child labor photos
First Solvay Congress - meeting of physicists.
French aviator Henri Seimet makes the first non-stop flight from Paris to London in three hours
April 16 - Harriet Quimby becomes the first woman to fly across the English Channel.
April 17 - Solar eclipse in Europe.
The 1912 Summer Olympics open in Stockholm, Sweden.
BP competes in exhibition match w/ Jim Thorpe
A meteorite with an estimated mass of 190 kg explodes over the town of Holbrook in Navajo County, Arizona, causing thousands of pieces of debris to rain down on the town.
Campion goes to investigate/collect pieces. BP helps clean up.
Dissident Republicans form the Progressive or Bull Moose Party, and nominate former President Theodore Roosevelt as their presidential candidate after the Republican Party snubs him.
BP as icon of progress
While campaigning in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, former president Theodore Roosevelt is shot by saloonkeeper John Schrank. BP tries to intervene and protect TR, but doesn’t make it in time. With a fresh flesh wound and the bullet still in him, Roosevelt delivers his scheduled speech.
November 5 - U.S. presidential election. Democratic challenger Woodrow Wilson wins a landslide victory over Republican incumbent William Howard Taft. T.R. finishes second, ahead of Taft. Eugene Debs gets a million votes.
- Grand Central Terminal opens as the world’s largest train station.
- The Armory Show opens. It displays works of artists who are to become some of the most influential painters of the early 20th century. There’s a small section of BP-related works.
March 3: Suffrage march.
March 25: Two days of rain in the Miami Valley flood the region and mark the worst natural disaster in Ohio’s recorded history. BP helps with rescue and cleanup.
- May 30: First Balkan War officially ends. Second Balkan War begins in June. Campion despairs. Pitches BP to Kitchener, now U.K. Minister of War.
- June 4: Emily Davison, a suffragette, runs out in front of the king’s horse, Anmer, at the Epsom Derby. She is trampled and dies a few days later, never having regained consciousness.
Travel on the Imperator from Hamburg to NYC, with T.R. Houdinis’ wedding anniversary.
WORLD WAR I BEGINS
- June 28: Archduke Ferdinand is assassinated.
- July 28: Austria-Hungary declares war on Serbia and bombards Belgrade with artillery on July 29. On July 30, both Austria-Hungary and Russia order general mobilizations of their armies.
Archie goes to D.C.
Washington, D.C. Archie helps found NACA, the predecessor of NASA
• May 9: National suffrage demonstration.
• May 7: WWI - The RMS Lusitania is sunk by a German U-boat, killing 1,198.
• June 9: U.S. Secretary of State William Jennings Bryan resigns.
BP helps raise the sunken F-4 submarine, the U.S. Navy’s first sub disaster (sank on March 25).
Birth of the tank. The 30-ton “Big Willie” tank, together with the prototype “Little Willie,” undergoes trials on 29 January and 2 February. Attendees at the second trial include Lord Kitchener and Campion.
Archie tries to sell Kitchener, now U.K. Minister of War, on mechanical soldiers.
Boilerplate joins Pershing on punitive expedition against Pancho Villa.
With Lily’s help, Republican Jeanette Rankin of Montana becomes the first woman elected to the United States House of Representatives. (Women got the vote in Montana in 1914.)
Archie and BP help British cryptographers decipher a telegram from German Foreign Minister Arthur Zimmermann to the German Minister to Mexico, von Eckhardt, offering United States territory to Mexico in return for joining the German cause.
The British wait until February 24 to present the telegram to U.S. ambassador to the United Kingdom Walter H. Page. The American press publishes news of the telegram on March 1. It has such an impact on American opinion that it helps draw the United States into the war.
Campion tries in vain to sell Wilson and the War Department on mechanical soldiers.
• April 6: The United States Congress formally declares war on Germany.
• June: The first American troops arrive in Europe.
Churchill invites BP to join the British military campaign against the Turks and help Lawrence blow up railroads
July 6: BP and Arabian troops led by T.E. Lawrence capture Aqaba from the Turks.
• October 31-November 7: Third Battle of Gaza - Brit forces capture Gaza from the Ottoman Empire.
• November 16: British troops occupy Tel Aviv and Jaffa in Palestine.
• December 11: BP and British troops take Jerusalem from the troops of the Ottoman Empire.
• March 21: Second Battle of the Somme begins
• March 23: The giant German cannon, the Paris Gun, begins to shell Paris from 114 km (75 miles) away. Boilerplate is called in to spike the guns.
• June 1-26: BP fights in the Battle for Belleau Wood, with the 2nd and 3rd Divisions of the U.S. Army.
• July: Second Battle of the Marne. The disastrous German defeat led to the cancellation of General Erich Ludendorff’s planned invasion of Flanders and was the first step in a series of Allied victories that ended the war.
• August 8: Battle of Amiens. Opening phase of the Hundred Days Offensive, which ultimately led to the end of World War I. Ludendorff would later describe the first day of the battle as “the black day of the German Army.”
• September: BP fights in St. Mihiel campaign (starts 9/12). Pershing commands the American First Army, seven divisions and 500,000+ men, in the largest offensive operation ever undertaken by U.S. armed forces.
• October: BP fights in Meuse-Argonne campaign (9/26-11/11); Pershing commands more than a million American and French soldiers.
• October 7:
WITHOUT A TRACE
Brief references to Boilerplate in text:
The Explorers Henry Gruppe (Time-Life Books, 1979).
The Rough Riders Theodore Roosevelt (Scribners, 1899).
Dispatches from Cuba Stephen Crane (Hearst Publishing, 1899).
Exciting Experiences in the Japanese-Russian War Marshall Everett (Neil Publishing, 1904).
The Lost Squadron Don Lawson (Parcel Press, 1962).
Blackjack and Pancho: General Pershing's Punitive Expedition Against General Villa
Richard Fullerton and George Monroe (Strategy Publishing, 1991).
Fire and Blood: A Modern Chronicle of Mexico T.R. Fehrenbach (Macmillan Publishing, 1973).
One or two photos of Boilerplate:
A Photographic History of the World's Fair James Wilson Pierce (R.H. Woodward & Co., 1893).
The Chicago World's Fair of 1893 Stanley Appelbaum (Dover Publications, 1980).
Chicago at the Turn of the Century in Photographs Larry Viskochil (Dover Publications, 1984).
American Labor M.B. Schnapper (Public Affairs Press, 1975).
What George Wore and Sally Didn't: Surprising Stories from America's Past
Rosemary Adams (Chicago Historical Society, 1998).
The presentation of new technology at World’s Fairs
London 1851 - telegraph; Colt revolvers
Paris 1867 - artificial limbs; hydraulic elevator; reinforced concrete
Philadelphia 1876 - telephone; typewriter; sewing machine
Paris 1878 - electric lighting; ice machine
Antwerp 1885 - gasoline engine
Paris 1889 - phonograph; moving sidewalks
Chicago 1893 - radio; motion pictures; mechanical man.
Scientific discoveries in the century preceding Boilerplate's construction
1789 - Uranium
1794 - Ball bearings
1795 - Hydraulics
1800 - Infrared; metal submarine
1803 - Spray gun
1805 - Amphibious vehicle
1806 - Carbon paper
1807 - Gas-drven automobile
1814 - Steam locomotive
1820 - Electromagnetism
1821 - Electric motor
1825 - Binoculars
1826 - Gas stove
1827 - Microphone; water turbine; aluminum
1828 - Differential gear; stethoscope
1833 - Differential calculating machine
1835 - Automatic revolver
1837 - Daguerreotype; telegraph; Morse code
1839 - Vulcanization of rubber; fuel cell; protoplasm
1841 - Incandescent lamp
1842 - Ether
1847 - Nitroglycerine; chloroform
1851 - Flash photography
1852 - Steam-powered airship; piloted glider; microfilm
1853 - Hypodermic syringe
1855 - Stopwatch; safety match
1858 - Cell-replication theory
1859 - Darwin’s evolution theory; cathode rays; internal combustion engine
1860 - Linoleum; snap buttons
1861 - Pneumatic drill
1862 - Machine gun
1863 - T.N.T.
1864 - Electromagnetic wave transmission
1865 - Genetics; electric arc-welding; reinforced concrete
1866 - Transatlantic cable
1867 - Bicycle; typewriter
1868 - Stapler; plywood; margarine
1869 - Color photography; celluloid
1875 - Mimeograph
1876 - Telephone; refrigerator
1877 - Phonograph; liquid oxygen; switchboard
1878 - Cathode-ray tube; electric alternator; carbon filament
1879 - Incandescent bulb; arc lighting; cash register; saccharine
1880 - Roll film; hearing aid
1881 - Telephotography (fax); rechargeable battery
1884 - Steam turbine
1887 - Mach scale; contact lens
1888 - Data-processing computer; alternating-current motor; monorail
1890 - Motion pictures; electric subway train
1891 - Electric motorcar; silicone; flashlight; zipper
1893 - Photoelectric cell; diesel engine; electric toaster
1894 - Helium; escalator
1895 - X-rays; wireless telegraph; motorcycle
1896 - Electrons; radioactivity
1898 - Neon; krypton
1899 - Aspirin
All contents copyright 2000, 2010 Paul Guinan.
Boilerplate, Archibald Campion, and all related marks and indicia are trademarks of Paul Guinan.